Parole, Pardons and Clemency
(Note: Unless otherwise noted, the following statistics are for the 2014-2015 fiscal year.)
1. Approximate Number of Offenders under Federal Custody
Incarcerated - 14,337
(Incarcerated includes offenders serving federal sentences in penitentiaries and in provincial facilities, those housed as inmates in Community Correctional Centres - as distinguished from conditionally released offenders, and those temporarily absent from the institution on some form of temporary absence (Temporary Absence or Work Release).
Conditional Release - 8,830
(Conditional Release includes those federal offenders conditionally released on day parole, full parole and statutory release and those on long term supervision orders including those paroled for deportation and temporary detainees whether detained in a penitentiary or a provincial jail.)
2. Federal Conditional Release Population
- Canada: 8,830
- Atlantic region: 852
- Quebec region: 2,353
- Ontario region: 2,248
- Prairies region: 2,001
- Pacific region: 1,376
3. Number of Reviews
17,879 (both pre-, post-release and detention)
This number represents both federal level reviews (17,135) and provincial level reviews (744) where the PBC is responsible to hear provincial cases.
Note: A review could be by way of an office review on file or by way of a hearing with the offender in the institution.
4. Number of Elder Assisted Hearings Conducted
The number of Elder Assisted Hearings: 368
Note: The purpose of Elder-Assisted Hearings is to create an environment that facilitates a culturally sensitive hearing process for Aboriginal offenders, and for non-Aboriginal offenders who are committed to an Aboriginal way of life.
5. Parole Grant Rate
Federal day parole: 71%
Federal full parole: 33%
6. Number of Appeal Decisions by the Appeals Division of the PBC
Federal cases: 658 decisions were rendered with the initial decision being affirmed in 88% of cases.
Provincial cases: 30 decisions were rendered with the initial decision being affirmed in 83% of cases.
7. Successful Completion Rates for Federal Conditional Release
Day parole: 90.9%
Full Parole: 87.2%
(Full parole includes only those offenders serving determinate sentences as those serving indeterminate sentences are not considered `successful completions` for statistical purposes until the offender dies as the offender is under sentence for life.)
(Statutory Release: 63.4% (Note: SR is a release by law and is not a PBC decision)
(Offenders released on statutory release were far more likely to have had their releases revoked because of a breach of condition or of a new offence than federal offenders on day parole or full parole during each of the last five years.)
8. Number of PBC Contacts with Victims
In 2014-2015: 27,191
9. Number of Victim Statements Presented at Hearings
In 2014-2015: 231 presentations at 128 hearings.
10. Number of Observers at Hearings
In 2014-2015: 4,173
11. Number of Decisions Sent from the Decision Registry
In 2014-2015: 6,803
12. Number of Pardons Granted
In 2014-2015: 6,316 pardon decisions rendered, 89% pardons granted and 11% pardons denied.
13. Number of Record Suspensions Ordered
In 2014-2015: 9,169 record suspension rendered, 92% record suspensions ordered and 8% refused.
Note: Since 1970, more than 490,000 Canadians have received pardons and record suspensions. 95 percent of these are still in force, indicating that the vast majority of pardon/record suspension recipients remain crime-free in the community.
14. Number of Royal Prerogative of Mercy Granted*
In 2014, there were 107 active clemency cases. In the last five years (between 2010 and 2014), 14 clemency requests have been granted, four have been denied and 111 have been discontinued.
* By calendar year.